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PHP Tips & Tutorials Regular Expression Tips & Tutorials

Regular Expressions for Natural Numbers or Positive Integers (1, 2, 3, …), Negative Integers and Non-negative Integers

When I’m developing the online form creator that enables the users to create form fields that accept only certain type of numbers, I need to verify if a given string is a valid natural number such as 1, 2, 3, 4, …. I’m writing the code / functions in PHP but you can literally use the regular expression in other programming languages as well. I use the following function to distinguish strings if they are natural numbers or positive integers.

function isNaturalNumber($subject) {
	return preg_match('|^[1-9][0-9]*$|', $subject);
}

You can add for a leading plus sign as well:

^+?[1-9][0-9]*$

Regular Expression for Negative Integers?

Negative integers are –1, –2, –3, …. Just add a minus sign before the regular expression for positive integers:

^-[1-9][0-9]*$

Regular Expression for Non-negative Integers?

That is, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, …. By a little help of the isNaturalNumber function, you can use this function to check if a string is a legal non-negative integer:

function isNonNegativeInteger($subject) {
	// @^(0|[1-9][0-9]*)[email protected]
	if ($subject == '0' || isNaturalNumber($subject)) {
		return true;
	}
}

Or if you insist on using a regular expression:

function isNonNegativeInteger($subject) {
	return preg_match('@^(0|[1-9][0-9]*)$@', $subject);
}

PHP functions to check if a string is a valid integer?

Just use the above functions in combination or the native is_integer() function of PHP.

function isInteger() {
	return isNegativeInteger($subject) || isNonNegativeInteger($subject);
}

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